Breast Cancer Information & Stats
Breast cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the tissues of the breast. There are several types of breast cancer: ductal and lobular carcinoma. Ductal carcinoma starts in the lining of the milk ducts- the most common type of breast cancer. Lobular carcinoma starts in the lobules(milk glands) of the breast. Breast cancer can also spread from where it originated from . This is known as invasive breast cancer and it can happen in the breast ducts or lobules , where it spreads to neighboring normal tissue.
2013 statistics on breast cancer in African-American women
- According to the American Cancer Society, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among African-American women.
- According to the American Cancer Society, the estimated incidence (new cases) of breast cancer in 2013 is expected to be 27,060.
- Black women are less likely to be diagnosed with breast cancer than White women. However, we are more likely to be diagnosed with aggressive forms of breast cancer (triple- negative and inflammatory breast cancers).
- Based on a 2014 study, Black women are more likely to die from breast cancer.
Risk factors that can be modified to reduce your risk of developing breast cancer.
There are certain known risk factors that can increase your risk of developing breast cancer. For example, having a family history of breast cancer increases your risk of breast cancer by 2 or 3 folds. However, there are a few risk factors that can increase your risk of breast cancer that can be modified to reduce your risk of developing breast cancer.
- Alcohol use- too much alcohol consumption increases your risk of developing breast cancer.
- Overweight and obesity- have been associated with several types of cancer: breast, colorectum, edndometrium and kidney.
- Physical inactivity – may lead to weight gain, which can result in being overweight or obese.
Prevention – tips to prevent or reduce your risk of developing breast cancer.
- Limit alcohol consumption- reducing the amount of alcohol consumed can help lower your risk of breast cancer.
- Healthy diet- a diet high in fruits and vegetables may protect you against many cancers.
- Physical activity- will help reduce your risk of cancer.
- Maintain a healthy weight- will also help reduce your risk of cancer. find out what is your healthy weight number by calculating your body mass index(BMI). You can find out what your BMI is by visiting CDC’s Assessing Your Weight Web site.
A great support network for women of color – http://www.sistersnetworkinc.org/index.html
- World Health Organization (WHO). 2013. Breast cancer: prevention and control. Available at http://www.who.int/cancer/detection/breastcancer/en
- National Cancer Institute. (2012). Breast cancer. Available at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/breast
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2012. Breast Cancer. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/breast/basic_info
- American Cancer Society. (2013). Cancer Facts & Figures for African Americans. Available from http://www.cancer.org/